The ruins of the ancient city of Antigonea are a beautiful reminder to visitors of the importance of location, power, and love in the establishment of settlements during classical antiquity.
Antigoneia was a very short-lived city, lasting for approximately 150 years. It was founded by one of the most famous names of the ancient world, King Pyrrhus of Epirus (319-272 BC), from whom the phrase “a Pyrrhic victory” derives. At the outset of the 3rd-century BC Pyrrhus was forced to go and fight in Egypt. His abilities impressed Berenice, the wife of King Ptolemy of Egypt, who decided to offer him her daughter, Antigone, in marriage. In token of his gratitude to his mother-in-law and his first wife, This ancient king founded this city in 295 B.C., and named it in honor of his first beloved wife..
Monuments built to commemorate love are some of the most stunning in the world.
The Archaeological Park enables visitors to take a closer look at the history of this ancient city. Despite its short-lived prosperous period (3rd-2nd century B.C.), the city was an important political, cultural, and economic center for the region. However, the city was destroyed by Roman soldiers.
In 198 BC the Romans defeated the Macedonian armies of King Philip V. The inhabitants of Antigoneia had sided with the Macedonians in their war against the Roman Republic and hence when the Romans obtained total victory in 167 BC, they decided to punish the Epirots who had fought against them. The Roman Consul Aemilius Paullus looted and set fire to 70 towns in Epirus including Antigoneia. The town was never rebuilt.